The Battle of Iwo Jima (February 19-March 26, 1945) was a major battle in which the United States Marine Corps landed on and eventually captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Japanese Imperial Army during World War II. This five -week battle comprised some of the fiercest and bloodiest fighting of the War in the Pacific.
The battle is remembered primarily by Joe Rosenthal’s iconic photograph of the raising of the U.S. flag on top of Mount Suribachi by six U.S. marines.
After the heavy losses in this battle the strategic value of the island became controversial. It was useless to the U.S. Army as a staging base or a flat base for the U.S. Navy. However, Navy Seabees rebuilt the landing strips, which were used as emergency landing strips, for the B-29 bombers.
According to official records, the 36 day assault resulted in more than 26,000 American casualties including 6,800 dead . Japanese combat deaths numbered three times as many. The Medal of Honor was awarded to 27 U.S. Marines and U.S. Sailors (14 Posthumously).
582 Causality Profiles on file there 16 Georgians included. This does not reflect all the numbers of causalities of the battle.
1. USMC, CPL William Hugh Avera-GA-MIA
2. USMC, PFC Burch Eugene Caudill-GA-MIA
3. USMC, PFC Leroy Cook-GA-MIA
4. USMC, PVT Emmett Obe Lee Eaton-GA-MIA
5. USMC, PFC Charles Ross Johanson-GA-MIA
6. USMC,TSGT Roy Baxter Mason-GA-MIA
7. USMC, CPL Richard Fred Roberts-GA-MIA
8. USMC,PFC Earl W. Stafford-GA-MIA
9. USMC, Capt I.J. Williams-GA-MIA
10. Navy, S2C Paul W. Bell-GA-MIA
11. Navy, F1C Harold W. Butler-GA-MIA
12. Navy, F1C Ralph M. Chambley-GA-MIA
13. Navy, CEM John T. Rabon-GA-MIA
14. Navy, CK3C Julian G. Smith-GA-MIA
15. Navy, Lt CDR Mercer M. Thorpe-GA-MIA
16. Navy, ST2C John H. Thomas-GA-MIA